They added: Text-based communication may allow for the analgesic-sparing benefits of social support to be introduced to other clinical settings where this type of support is not otherwise available. The kindergarten teacher begins interactive writing in her class by writing "Today is " on a piece of chart paper. She asks for a volunteer to take the pen and write the day, which she has written on a sentence strip and clipped to the top of the chart. Michael raises his hand and the teacher offers him the pen. He comes forward proudly to take it and carefully starts to write "M" for Monday. The teacher shares the writing experience with young students on chart paper or a whiteboard that is large enough for the whole class to see.
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Patients not using mobiles were almost twice as likely to receive additional pain relief during minor surgical procedures as those who played Angry birds (pictured). In the second stage of their experiment, the researchers analysed the language of the texts the patients were sending in an effort to find out what was making a difference to their perception of pain. They discovered that while the conversations with friends focused on biology, pain, and the body, the texts with a stranger included more words expressing positive emotions, with patients writing more often about self-affirming topics. As a result, the authors of the study, professor Jeff Hancock and Jamie guillory of Cornell University in New York, say the research provides the first evidence that texting helps to lessen the perception of pain beyond traditional pain relief or distraction methods such. In their report, published in the journal pain Medicine, they wrote: Our findings suggest that text messaging may be a more effective intervention that requires no specialised equipment or involvement from clinicians. The experiment was carried out by a team at lasalle hospital in Montreal (pictured) and involved 98 volunteers having minor operations under local anaesthetic. The simple act of communicating with a companion or stranger provides an analgesic-sparing effect. The data also suggest that text-based communication with a stranger is more effective. The scientists are calling for new work to explore exactly what type of conversations work best, and how far this benefit can be developed to assist patients and doctors. It is hoped their findings could help create pain relief methods for situations where it is not possible for patients to have people to support them in the operating surgery room.
Now reach in your pocket, because chances are you already own one your mobile phone. According to research, the simple act of texting during a minor surgical procedure can significantly reduce a patients demand for pain relief. And while you may think that messaging your best friend would help most, the study found that if youre tapping away to a stranger, the odds you will ask for medication could be reduced by more than 80 per cent. The experiment, carried out by a team at lasalle hospital in Montreal, involved 98 volunteers having minor operations under local anaesthetic. The patients were split into four groups: one group played table the mobile game Angry birds, a second texted a close friend or family member, the third were told to text a research assistant, and the fourth did not have mobile phones with them. The scientists found that the patients not using mobiles were almost twice as likely to receive additional pain relief as those who played Angry birds and more than four times as likely to need more anaesthetic as those texting a companion. However, it was texting a stranger that made the biggest difference as these patients were six times less likely to need extra pain relief than those who didnt have a phone.
Make sure recommendations and proposals refer to benefits, solutions, improvement, increases, and similar positive results. In customer communications, include polite buy wording such as welcome, thank you, glad to, pleased, appreciate, and value. Be sure that every piece you edit, fix, or polish includes positive language. If it doesnt, why would you send or publish it? Add this checklist to your editor's toolbox. Then, to practice applying every step on the checklist, enroll in our online class Business Writing Tune-Up. Imagine a hand-held electronic device that could reduce pain for patients during surgery and allow doctors to use less powerful anaesthetic.
Well, the investments we have made have paid off, and our new tool is ready. I am pleased to announce our new online Training Implementation Checklist. If the writer doesnt have pride of authorship, you might cut the 70-word version to this one sentence: i am pleased to announce our new online Training Implementation Checklist. To keep the authors style and content without burying the reader in verbiage, you might compromise with this version, which cuts the original by 50 percent: From February through August, we have had discussions and work sessions to improve the consistency of our training implementations. Our investments have paid off. Does the piece include positive language to persuade or to maintain relationships? As you edit a document, remember that a positive outcome is the goal of virtually every message. Maybe the objective is to gain approval or acceptance, retain a customer, win a contract, build a relationship, or move to the next step in a process. Positive language contributes to all those goals.
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If readers will recognize downstream vertical integration and legacy systems portfolio reduction leave the terms alone. If not, define them. Dc to, design Consultant or, distribution Center if the readers might think of the. Do not make readers guess. Does every word play an important role?
Readers dont have time for wordiness and repetition. When you polish someone elses work, you need to respect their style. But you do not need to preserve wordiness. How would you edit this wordy opening to an announcement of a wallpapers new tool? Over the past long months, from February through August, we have had a myriad of discussions and work group sessions about how to make improvements in the consistency of our training program implementations. You may have participated in those fruitful discussions and hands-on sessions.
Any time two or more ideas compete in a long, stringy sentence, your job is to divide the sentence into its logical parts. Editing a budget proposal, how would you break this 60-word sentence into several sentences, with each expressing a single idea? Decide before scrolling down to my revision. While its true that a portion of the budgeted dollars (less now than in past years) is spent dealing with design and construction deficiencies, most of the maintenance budget dollars are spent for normal upkeep and operational costs, for example, landscaping, fire protection, access control. This three-sentence version keeps the writers content but communicates it in shorter, clear chunks: Its true that a portion of the budgeted dollars (less now than in past years) is spent dealing with design and construction deficiencies.
However, most of the maintenance budget dollars are spent for normal upkeep and operational costs. Examples are landscaping, fire protection, access control, equipment maintenance, power washing, lighting, painting, and elevator and hvac maintenance and repairs. Does the writing use language that suits its readers? If the language slows down or confuses readers, the message will not succeed. . As an editor, repair items like these: Vocabulary: Change cognizant to aware. . Change ameliorate to improve. . Keep language simple yet precise. Jargon: Jargon works fine if readers understand it, so review the communication as though you are part of the intended audience.
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Readers need communication to flow logically from one idea to the next. Because writers know the big picture of their topic, blood they may jump around in a message without recognizing that readers will not be able to follow. Lets say you are polishing a speech for your director. As you read it aloud (remember, its a speech notice where listeners might get lost. Insert signals for them such as "our main objective three essential points (followed by details on points 1, 2, and 3 a helpful analogy, and our next steps. When you edit a written document, insert headings similar to those above, or make them more descriptive, for example, "Our main Objective: raise 110,000." headings help readers follow the flow even when it takes a surprising turn. Does the message communicate in clear, easy-to-read sentences that average 20 words or less? Long sentences make readers work hard to reach their conclusions, and their parts compete for attention.
If you are editing a procedure for welcoming new clients, you should change a vague title such as "New Clients" or "New Client Welcome" to something clear and specific, for example, "Procedure for Welcoming New Clients" or "How to welcome new Clients.". Does the communication make clear what the reader should do, if anything, by when? Does it make it easy for the reader to take action? Most messages are intended to elicit a response or action from readers. And most readers wonder "do i need to do anything?" It's important to state alphabet any request clearly, or readers will not be certain what. Imagine you are fixing a long letter that Rick has written to a manufacturer complaining about some new equipment. You notice that Rick never mentions what he wants the manufacturer. After checking with him about his goal, you would insert a statement such as "Please send me a return authorization number so that I can return this equipment promptly." That statement belongs near the beginning of the message, where it will grab the readers attention. Can you follow the ideas easily?
Do you think the piece misses the mark in any specific way? If you can confirm your supervisor's intention, great. In any case, ask yourself these seven questions as you review the writing. Does the piece state its purpose in the subject, first sentence, or first chunk of text? Business readers are busy. They want to know immediately what a message is about.
The Writing Lab at Purdue (in-person consultations). Purdue university students, faculty, and staff at our West Lafayette, in campus may access this area inventory for information on the award-winning. This area includes Writing Lab hours, services, and contact information. Imagine this scenario: your supervisor emails you with a message that says Please edit the attachment." Or perhaps the instruction is "Fix the attached" or "Please give this piece some polish.". What does it mean to edit, fix, or polish a business message? How do you do it? Sometimes correcting quirky punctuation, typos, misspellings, and nonstandard grammar is a challenge in itself. But what should you do beyond that? In our scenario, a first step would be to find out what your supervisor thinks the document needs to be a final product.
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Tests, comprehensions writings, last, updated 3/10/2017, reading writing Activities: reading writing Activities: Interactive exercises and tests with exercises to do with a word processor msimagelist Other types of reading writing exercises msimagelist. View map, reset drinking zoom, updating Map. Return to map, your SelectionsClear all. Establishment Type, reservations, online reservations, cuisines dishes, afghani (2). Armenian (7 australian (1 bar (413 beijing Specialties (1 belgian (1 brazilian (4 brew Pub (23). Canadian (1 cantonese (32 central American (4 central European (3 colombian (2 contemporary (31 czech (1). Diner (95 egyptian (2 gastropub (14 grill (23 hong Kong (4 minority Chinese (1) Mongolian (5) Nepali (2) Polynesian (10) Pub (305) puerto rican (2) Romanian (2) Salvadoran (1) Scandinavian (1) Shanghai (8) Singaporean (1) southwestern (54) Sri lankan (2) Swedish (1) Swiss (2) szechuan. Please zoom back.