This is the thrid time ive posted this now, and I like it more each time i read it! The federalist Papers are a collected series of essays that originally appeared in New York newspapers during the period of debate and ratification for the new Constitution. . In them, the series three authorsAlexander Hamilton, james Madison, and John jayvery clearly explain the nature of the constitution and how it was to implemented. Their authority is, of course, unimpeachable. . Hamilton would become the first Secretary of the Treasury. . jay would become the first Chief Justice of the United States. . And Madison, the primary architect of the constitution itself, would go on to become our 4th president.
Index - founding Fathers
I saw: Continue reading by huston posted in Arts entertainment, education, language and Literature, living well, religion tagged a lost Lady, all About eve, analects, aristophanes, book reviews, clark gable, confucius, federalist Papers, high noon, it Happened One night, john wayne, movie reviews, self improvement. However, it bothers me that there is so much partisanship today, not so much in party affiliation as in the right/left dichotomy itself. . people on either side in our country are deeply steeped in heaping invective on the other side, treating shirt them like monolithic stereotypes and indulging in harsh personal judgments against them. . i admit, i do some of this too, though ive tried to be better. Last month I read The federalist Papers, and while it definitely did strengthen my conviction of conservative principles, one passage stood out as a warning against this cultural civil war between halves of the spectrum. In Federalist #50, james Madison refers to a contentious political gathering to examine government workings that had occurred a few years before. . In his analysis of it and its lessons for the new Constitution, he notes that When men exercise their reason cooly and freely, on a variety of distinct questions, they invariably fall into different opinions, on some of them. Perhaps the political spectrum business on the 1780s wasnt quite as wide or diverse as ours is now, but its always worth reminding ourselves that those who disagree with our positions arent trying to subvert democracy, destroy america, establish a dictatorship, or any other such thing. . Were all trying to do the best we can to help America, in the best ways we know how. . Our ideas may conflict, but we dont have. By huston posted in Politics and Society tagged Federalist Papers, politics 3 Jul 1 2009 Heres one for Independence day. .
Actually, chances are that nobody did notice, as the essays light blogging has dropped my daily hit count down to some of its lowest levels ever. . Theres a chance that nobody will ever read this! Well, my summer was eaten up by a few things: I put a ton of time into the autobiography of President Monson that I posted a few days ago, i took 18 credits of classes for my job (I wrote a few dozen essays and. But i also devoted a lot of my summer to the work of self improvement. . After a pretty successful Spring, i started out this three month block with an ambitious list of twelve items to work. . Two others were very closein fact, one of those that carried over to fall has been finished already and another should be done within a weektwo more were in process, and one was just a dumb idea. Heres a report on the seven things i accomplished, in the order they were done:. Complete five more new York times Sunday crossword puzzles. . See five more movies on the afi list of 100 best American movies. .
The constitution opposes slavery. Article i, section 2 thwarted the souths desire for more representative power by limiting slave counting in the census, and Article i, section 9 includes a ban on future importation of slaves. Spoerl uses the general welfare clause of the Preamble to justify ObamaCare. Others had already thought that phrase could allow the government to do anything they saw as good, rather than the few specific things the constitution defines as general welfare, and in Federalist #41, madison responded to the misunderstanding: a specification of the objects alluded. ObamaCare is metamorphosis unconstitutional,. Spoerl, and your letter shows how ignorant of our founding charters someone must be to support. By huston posted in Politics and Society tagged Constitution, federalist Papers, james Madison, obamaCare, slavery, universal health care 0 Sep 6 2010 so, in case nobody noticed, blogging was a wee bit light this summer. .
my local newspaper, the, las Vegas review-journal, then printed a letter (which must have been written before the decision) defending universal health care. Today, the paper printed another letter responding to that one and, while it is excellent, it sadly isnt mine, which I thought was pretty good itself. . Since the paper doesnt seem interested in it, here it is: Frederick Spoerl wrongly denied the success of the profit motive and made many mistakes about the constitution in his Friday letter defending ObamaCare. He says that the founders never envisioned Americas tremendous growth, yet in Federalist #10, madison said one of the chief benefits of a republic is that it may be extended over a greater sphere of country. Indeed, as presidents, the founders added several states and territories to the nation, including Jeffersons louisiana purchase. He criticizes those who would limit government size and scope, but ignores the tenth amendment, which says that the federal government may only be involved in things delineated in the constitution itself. Spoerl also writes that the constitution denies voting to women and endorses segregation (neither of which it mentions at all and promotes slavery.
The federalist Papers, wikipedia
Jay would become the fund first Chief Justice of the United States. . Madison, the primary architect of the constitution itself, would go on to become our 4th president. Here are some of our most auspicious founders answers to ten pressing issues of the present day:. Is America a multicultural society, or a basically homogeneous Christian nation? Answered by, john jay : Providence has been pleased to give this one connected country, to one united people, a people descended from the same ancestors, speaking the same language, professing the same religion, attached to the same principles of government, very similar in their. Should American government be more democratic (populist) or Republican (representative) in nature? Answered by, james Madison : A pure democracy, by which I mean, a society, consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the government in person, can admit of no cure for the mischief of faction. .
A common passion or interest will, in almost every case, be felt by a majority of the whole. A republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect and promises the cure for which we are seeking. . federalist #10, continue reading, advertisements,. Huston, posted in, politics and Society, tagged. Alexander Hamilton, conservative, constitution, federalist Papers, founding Fathers, james Madison, john jay, liberty 0, dec 22 2010, a virginia judge decided just over a week ago that ObamaCares mandate that people must purchase insurance exceeds the governments constitutional authority. .
Hence it is that such democracies have ever been spectacles of turbulence and contention; have ever been found incompatible with personal security or the rights of property; and have in general been as short in their lives as they have been violent in their deaths. Theoretic politicians, who have patronized this species of government, have erroneously supposed that by reducing mankind to a perfect equality in their political rights, they would, at the same time, be perfectly equalized and assimilated in their possessions, their opinions, and their passions." snip "A. When the small number of citizens to whom stewardship of the government is delegated fails to represent the greater number of citizens, then the remedy is at the ballot box. For as Alexander Hamilton wrote. 33, "If the federal government should overpass the just bounds of its authority and make a tyrannical use of its powers, the people, whose creature it is, must appeal to the standard they have formed, and take such measures to redress the injury done. the maxim "divide-and-conquer" brings conflict to both military and political venues.
Writing " to the people of the State of New York he began. The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would be unwise." so, imposed groupthink ( see nazi germany ) is not a viable option, not is it compatible to liberty. The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modern legislation, and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of the government." so how does effective political leadership respond to the inevitable formation of factions? The inference to which we are brought is that the causes of faction cannot be removed, and that relief is only to be sought in the means of controlling its effects." The solution is, therefore, not in persons but in the representative processes. For as Alexander Hamilton wrote in Federalist Paper. May 20 2014, the federalist Papers are a collected series of essays that originally appeared in New York newspapers from, during the period of debate and ratification for the new Constitution. . In them, the series three authorsAlexander Hamilton, james Madison, and John jayvery clearly explain the nature of the constitution and how it was to be implemented. Their authority is, of course, unimpeachable. Hamilton would become the first Secretary of the Treasury.
The, federalist, papers Essay 10, summary and Analysis
It may clog the administration, it may convulse the society; but it will be unable to execute and mask its violence under the forms of the constitution. When a majority is included in a faction, the form of popular government, on the other hand, enables it to sacrifice to its ruling passion or interest both the public good and the rights of other citizens. To secure the public good and private rights against the danger of such restaurant a faction, and at the same time to preserve the spirit and the form of popular government, is then the great object to which disadvantages our inquiries are directed. Let me add that it is the great desideratum by which this form of government can be rescued from the opprobrium under which it has so long labored, and be recommended to the esteem and adoption of mankind. The great "desideratum by which this form of government can be rescued" was, according to madison, in building and sustaining a republic - rather than a democracy. (The ows crowds that chant "This is what democracy looks like" clearly don't understand the difference.) "A pure democracy, by which I mean a society consisting of a small number of citizens, who assemble and administer the government in person, can admit of no cure. A common passion or interest will, in almost every case, be felt by a majority of the whole; a communication and concert result from the form of government itself; and there is nothing to check the inducements to sacrifice the weaker party or an obnoxious.
So how does effective political leadership respond to the inevitable formation of factions? "It is in vain to say that enlightened statesmen will be able to adjust these clashing interests, and render them all subservient to the public good. Enlightened statesmen will not always be at the helm. Nor, in many cases, can such an adjustment be made at all without taking into view indirect and remote considerations, which will rarely prevail over the immediate interest which one party may find in disregarding the rights of another or the good of the whole. The inference to which we are brought is that the causes of faction cannot be removed, and that relief is only to be sought in the means of controlling its effects. the solution is, therefore, not in persons but in the representative processes of a republic. For Madison, the key was in differentiating between democracies and republics. "If a faction consists of less than a majority, relief is supplied by the republican principle, which enables the majority to defeat its sinister the views by regular vote.
fire its destructive agency. The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would be unwise.". So, imposed groupthink ( see nazi germany ) is not a viable option, not is it compatible to liberty. It is, in fact and history, ultimately destructive. Madison touches on what is, today, a major campaign theme in American politics. "But the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society. Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination. A landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a moneyed interest, with many lesser interests, grow up of necessity in civilized nations, and divide them into different classes, actuated by different sentiments and views. The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modern legislation, and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of the government.".
10, james Madison warned of the destructive influence of faction, as he defined the notion: "by a faction, i understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse. Writing to the people of the State of New York he began. 10 with, "Among the numerous advantages promised by a well constructed Union, none deserves to be more accurately developed than its tendency to break and control the violence of faction. The friend of popular governments never finds himself so much alarmed for their character and fate, as when he contemplates their propensity to this dangerous vice. He will not fail, therefore, to set a due value on any plan which, without violating the principles to which he is attached, provides a proper cure for. The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the public councils, have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have essay everywhere perished; as they continue to be the favorite and fruitful topics from which the adversaries to liberty derive their most specious declamations.". As to the remedy to faction, madison wrote, "There are again two methods of removing the causes of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and. It could never be more truly said than of the first remedy, that it was worse than the disease. Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires.
The, federalist #46 - constitution Society
The maxim "divide-and-conquer" brings conflict to both military and political venues. As a military strategy, it can work to bring victory. . As a political strategy, it can backfire - upon both the initiator and the nation. Today, the Executive branch of our government is presided over by someone who pins his hopes for re-election on pitting competing factions against one another. It is the political divide-and-conquer" strategy on audacious and transparent display. The pending question that awaits an answer is this: Is it a strategy for short term victory note in Obama's case? And if so, what will be the long term consequences to the nation? In, federalist Paper.